In this tutorial I will show you how to setup a small
network with a Windows® PC and a Macintosh®
computer. This setup assumes you are using a Macintosh
G3 or newer computer with OS 8.5 or higher. This is
an ideal setup for the SOHO (small office, home office)
user or freelance web designer or graphic artist who
wants to have the benefits of both platforms. A service
provider who wants to connect a PC running Windows 95/98
to a Mac network can also use PC MACLAN for this purpose.
This tutorial is only a very brief description of
a sample network. Networking is a complex subject,
but the newer operating systems make it a lot easier
than in the past. Nevertheless, you should be prepared
to make a tech support call or two if you've never
setup a network. Also, take care in purchasing networking
components to ensure compatibility.
The setup described here uses Windows 98 SE (Second
Edition) with Internet Connection Sharing (ICS), a DSL
line (digital subscriber line) for the Internet connection,
two network adapters for the PC (Network Interface Cards,
or NICs), an Ethernet hub (10/100 BASE T concentrator)
and Category 5 cabling. All the cabling and connections
are 10/100 BASE T using RJ45 connectors. There a variety
of Ethernet kits available that contain 2 NICs, a 4
or 5 port hub and cables all in one package. You can
save a lot of money by obtaining such a kit.
You will also need one node of PC MACLAN, available
from Miramar Systems, of Santa Barbara, CA (acquired by Computer Associates and since discontinued).
If you have Windows 98 installed on your PC and you
want to upgrade to the SE version to take advantage
of ICS, Microsoft® was offering a $20.00 upgrade
CD from their web site. I don't know if they are still
making this offer, but it is worth checking into because
this can be a substantial savings over the retail price
of the operating system.
Although the configuration may vary in your situation
(e.g. a dialup Internet connection using a 56k modem
or a cable modem instead of a DSL line) I decided to
use this configuration because it has worked for me.
With only two computers it is possible to eliminate
the Ethernet hub if you use a crossover cable, but without
the hub you can't connect any other devices to the network
(such as a network printer or even another computer).
Additionally, this tutorial is setup in three parts,
a basic setup, a setup with ICS and a setup "with
all the goodies" (scanner, printers and drawing
pad). I'm presenting it this way to demonstrate that
you can build your network a little at a time if you
plan it right. With some forward thinking you can "grow"
your network and expand it to suit your own needs.
To begin with, the PC must be setup with
Windows 98 SE with at least one functioning NIC. The
newer Macintosh computers come with a network adapter
already built-in. Once the network is setup and running
on the PC all you have to do is cable it up and the
Mac will see the network. Both the Mac and Windows operating
systems include help files with hyperlinks to all the
necessary assistants and wizards. Simply select the
appropriate help subject from either table of contents.
Shown below is the basic setup (click
the image for a larger view).
This is the most rudimentary setup for
the Mac-Win network. Install PC MACLAN on the PC following
the setup instructions provided with the software. In
the Macintosh, turn on AppleTalk®
in the AppleTalk control panel, then turn on file sharing
in the File Sharing control panel. On the PC, setup
the PC MACLAN Client to be able to see the Mac's drives,
and then setup the PC MACLAN File Server for the Mac
to be able to see the PC's drives. In the Windows Explorer,
right-click a drive or folder and select "Sharing..."
from the context menu to setup the drives and folders
you want to make available to the Mac. At this point
you want to make sure the network is functioning properly
and you can share files without any problems.
On the Mac using OS 9, there are three
control panels to make adjustments - the File Sharing
control panel, the TCP/IP control panel and the AppleTalk
control panel. In Windows, adjustments are made through
the Network Neighborhood. PC MACLAN automatically sets
up the Network Neighborhood properties on the PC, so
it shouldn't be necessary to make any adjustments.
Basic Setup With ICS
Shown below is the basic setup with Internet Connection
Sharing (click the image for a larger view).
In this setup, two NICs are used in the
PC - one for the DSL or cable modem and one for the
rest of the network. This setup also allows you to isolate
the network from the Internet by installing a firewall
and configuring it so it is positioned between NICs
1 and 2. A firewall is a piece of software that will
shield your network and provide protection from unauthorized
Setting up ICS in Windows is very straightforward.
Microsoft provides all the necessary instructions with
Windows 98 SE. Once ICS is setup on the PC as the host,
setting up your Internet connection in the Mac is very
simple. If you are setting up the Mac for the first
time it will launch the Internet Setup Assistant and
ask you how you want to connect to the Internet (you
can run the Internet Setup Assistant at any time).
While running the Internet Setup Assistant,
it will ask you about your TCP/IP settings. TCP/IP is
the default network protocol for Windows 98 SE and is
the universal protocol for the Internet. Choose Configure
"Using DHCP Server" (Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol). Once you have done this, it will access the
host PC (running ICS) which will then assign an IP address
to the Mac. An IP address (IP = Internet Protocol) is
a number that is used to identify your computer (every
computer on the Internet has an IP address). An IP address
always appears in a format like 255.255.255.255. The
IP address assigned by the host to the Mac may look
something like 192.168.0.2.
When you have finished running the Internet
Setup Assistant you simply launch your browser (and
cross your fingers) and you should be able to browse
the Internet. You can adjust your TCP/IP settings in
the TCP/IP control panel, but with DHCP this shouldn't
Setup With All The Goodies
Shown below is the setup with all the goodies (scanner,
printers, drawing pad) (click the image for a larger
This setup is more how a graphic artist
or web designer would want. Here you have a scanner,
a PostScript® laser printer
for B & W proofs and color separations (and finished
shooting art if it supports a high enough resolution),
a color inkjet printer with a PostScript driver for
color proofing and composite color printing and a drawing
pad. In my own personal setup I have a Hewlett Packard®
Laserjet® 4000N workgroup
printer, an Epson® Stylus®
Color 850 inkjet printer with the Epson StylusRIP PostScript
driver and a Wacom® Intuos
In my setup, the inkjet printer is a local
printer on the PC using the built-in parallel port.
Although I could have setup the HP 4000N as a local
printer as well, I would have had to add another parallel
port. It made more sense to cable it to the network
and use TCP/IP for printing. The HP printer comes with
Mac and Windows drivers on a dual-formatted CD. Setting
up the laser printer was very simple for both computers.
The Mac found it right away.
PC MACLAN supports printer sharing, but
with this setup you don't have to. The laser printer
is cabled to the network and bypasses printer sharing
(it isn't cabled to either computer so it doesn't have
to be "shared"). The Epson StylusRIP PostScript
driver works by first making a PostScript file (.PS
or .PRN file) for the print job. Then you save the file
into a temporary folder where StylusRIP looks for the
job to print. It starts a print job anytime a PostScript
file is dropped into that folder. With this setup, only
file sharing is necessary to print to the inkjet printer
from the Mac, not printer sharing.
Since I first setup my network, Adobe
has released PressReady, a PostScript driver which
supports a number of inkjet printers. Using PressReady
instead of StylusRIP in this setup should also work
equally well, if not better.
Although the scanner is shown connected
to the Mac, it can also be connected to the PC. It just
depends on which computer has the scanner driver or
SCSI adapter (if the scanner uses a SCSI interface).
In the above setup, the scanner is connected to the
Mac via a USB hub (Universal Serial Bus). The Mac comes
with two USB ports, and the hub may or may not be necessary
in your situation.
The biggest advantage to setting up a
peer-to-peer network is the ability to share resources.
This can save money because you don't have to duplicate
peripherals. Another advantage is that you can distribute
files and functions across the network and relieve overloaded
computers and hard drives. Anyone who has ever setup
a single PC with a scanner, a tape drive and an internal
modem knows what I mean. Most, if not all of your expansion
slots get eaten up in the process. The computer soon
runs out of slots or other resources prohibiting you
from adding any more devices. The advent of USB does
make things easier, but many businesses still have older
PCs or peripherals that don't have USB support. Networking
makes a lot of sense. Cross-platform networking makes
even more sense for graphic artists, web designers and
Below you will find a link to a PDF file
with the setups shown on this web page.
1. First download and install the free Adobe
2. If you wish to view the PDF file
only, simply click on the link below
3. To download in Windows®:
Place mouse pointer on the link, then right
click the mouse.
For Internet Explorer®:
"Save Target As..."
"Save Link as..." then
save it to disk
4. To download in Mac®:
Hold the mouse button down for a second or
Control + Click and a pop up window will appear.
For Internet Explorer: "Download Link
For Netscape: "Save this Link as..."
then save it to disk.
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