Quark provides a means to view non-printing (invisible)
characters. Two of these we are interested in are the
"New Paragraph" character and the "New
A new paragraph is produced by pressing "Enter"
and is represented by a
symbol. It is also known as a "carriage return",
"hard return" or "end of paragraph"
A new line is produced by pressing "Shift-Enter"
and is represented by a
symbol. It is also known as a "line feed "
or "soft return".
Pay attention to the number of carriage returns and
line feeds. They determine the appearance of paragraph
spacing to a large extent.
You can view these symbols by clicking View >
Show Invisibles. Pressing Ctrl-I (Windows®)
or Cmd-I (Mac®) will toggle
this feature on and off. This is an important tool for
checking and correcting the appearance of the text.
Always check this and your leading first before applying
an unusual solution like shifting the baseline.
A paragraph in a page layout program is not the same
as a grammatical paragraph. In page layout programs
paragraphs are separated by carriage returns. When paragraph
styles (Quark refers to them as "style sheets")
are applied, the style formatting will apply to all
text subsequent to a carriage return.
A good habit to get into is to use carriage returns
to separate areas in the body copy where there will
be changes in style formatting. Quark is extremely
flexible and allows local formatting without requiring
the use of carriage returns wherever there are style
changes. Too much use of local formatting makes
it hard to use paragraph styles.
13. In this tutorial you'll have to type the heads
and subheads to break up the body copy. Start by typing
the text for the chapter head and topic subhead.
14. Press Ctrl-I (Windows) or Cmd-I (Mac) to toggle
the invisible characters on. Note that there is a carriage
return after the chapter head and a carriage return
after the subhead. Note also that there are two line
feeds before the subhead (in this tutorial carriage
returns can be used in place of line feeds, but not
the other way around). Repeat this pattern for the rest
of the subheads in the manual - two line feeds before
and a carriage return after.
The reason we can use carriage returns
in place of line feeds in this tutorial is because we
are going to set it up so all the leading is the same
except for the chapter head. This will make it very
easy to control paragraph spacing.
15. Highlight the chapter head text.
16. In the Measurements palette enter 30 for the point
size, 30 for the leading, -5 for tracking and click
the button for bold type style.
17. This is a view after step 16.
A good rule of thumb is to set the leading to the
same number of points as the point size of the type.
In this case we have a 30 point typeface with 30
points of leading.